what is zyklon b gas

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  • What is Zyklon B?

  • Beginning in September 1941, Zyklon B, the brand name for hydrogen cyanide (HCN), was the poison used to kill at least a million people in gas chambers at Nazi concentration and death camps such as Auschwitz and Majdanek.

  • What was Zyklon B gas used for in the Holocaust?

  • The victims were primarily Jews and the Zyklon B gas became a central symbol of the Holocaust. Zyklon B was used in the concentration camps initially for delousing to control typhus. The chemical used in the gas chambers was deliberately made without the warning odorant.

  • How did they get the Zyklon B pellets in the gas chamber?

  • Led to a camouflaged gas chamber with fake showerheads, the prisoners were trapped inside when a large door was sealed behind them. Then, an orderly, who wore a mask, opened a vent on the roof of the gas chamber and poured Zyklon B pellets down the shaft.

  • Where was Zyklon-B made?

  • The Zyklon used at Auschwitz concentration camp was produced by a firm called Degesch (Deutsche Gesellschaft fr Schdlingsbekmpfung mbH), with headquarters in Frankfurt am Main and forming a part of IG Farbenidustrie AG. The following is a scientific breakdown of Zyklon-B:

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