what’s mustard gas

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Sulfur mustard

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  • What are the elements in mustard gas?

  • Mustard gas comprises four elements found on the periodic table: carbon, sulfur, chlorine and hydrogen. The sulfur and carbon lend to the gaseous appearance and smell in both solid and liquid states. The exact molecular formula is C 4 H 8 Cl 2 S. In its crude state, mustard gas resembles used motor oil: heavy and sludgy.

  • What is mustard gas used for in war?

  • Mustard gas is a vesicant (blister-inducing agent) first used in chemical warfare in World War I. It was also used in chemical warfare in Ethiopia in 1936 and in the Iran-Iraq war from 1984 to 1988. Small amounts are used in research as a model compound in biological studies of alkylating agents.

  • Do mustard masks protect against mustard gas?

  • Mustard gas was used to lethal effect during World War I, and early gas masks offered little protection. (Image: Susan Law Cain | Shutterstock.com) Mustard gas, or sulfur mustard (Cl-CH 2CH 2) 2S, is a chemical agent that causes severe burning of the skin, eyes and respiratory tract.

  • Is mustard gas a vesicant?

  • Classified as a vesicant because of blistering induced by skin contact, mustard gas inhalation causes severe respiratory injury.

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