World War I
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What was mustard gas used for in WW1?
Mustard Gas. Mustard Gas (Yperite) was first used by the German Army in September 1917. It was one of the most lethal of all the poisonous chemicals used during the war. It was almost odourless and took twelve hours to take effect. Yperite was so powerful that only small amounts had to be added to high explosive shells to be effective.
What is the chemical name of mustard gas?
It is the popular name for the compound with the chemical designation 1,1-thiobis (2-chloroethane) (chemical formula: Cl-CH2-CH2-S-CH2-CH2-Cl). Mustard gas has a number of other names by which it has been known over the years, including H, yprite, sulfur mustard, and Kampstoff Lost.
When was the use of mustard gas banned?
When Iraq used it against the Kurdish village in Halabja in March 1988, they ended up killing nearly 5,000 people. In 1925, after several battles in which mustard gas and chemical weapons were employed, the use of any chemical weapon was banned, though there was no law against the development of these dangerous weapons.
How did mustard gas get into the Gulf War Two?
鈥?During World War Two, the Allies stockpiled millions of tons of mustard gas and other chemical weapons just behind the frontlines in the event of an Axis gas attack. In December of 1943, an American supply ship laden with 2,000 mustard gas shells was damaged in an air raid off Bari, Italy. Much of the deadly cargo seeped into the waters.