World War I
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What was mustard gas used for in WW1?
Mustard Gas. Mustard Gas (Yperite) was first used by the German Army in September 1917. It was one of the most lethal of all the poisonous chemicals used during the war. It was almost odourless and took twelve hours to take effect. Yperite was so powerful that only small amounts had to be added to high explosive shells to be effective.
What is mustard gas?
Mustard gas is a substance used in chemical warfare. It is the popular name for the compound with the chemical designation 1,1-thiobis (2-chloroethane) (chemical formula: Cl-CH2-CH2-S-CH2-CH2-Cl). Mustard gas has a number of other names by which it has been known over the years, including H, yprite, sulfur mustard, and Kampstoff Lost.
When was the use of mustard gas banned?
When Iraq used it against the Kurdish village in Halabja in March 1988, they ended up killing nearly 5,000 people. In 1925, after several battles in which mustard gas and chemical weapons were employed, the use of any chemical weapon was banned, though there was no law against the development of these dangerous weapons.
What are nitrogen mustards used for?
Today, nitrogen mustards are also part of the spectrum of substances used in modern anti-cancer chemotherapy. They are primarily used in the treatment of conditions such as Hodgkin’s disease and cancers of the lymph glands. see also Chemical warfare; Chemical Biological Incident Response Force, United States; Nerve gas; Sarin gas; Tabun.